Jamaica

.. ts flock to the islands many beaches. A large number of fine resorts can be found along the northern coast between Montego Bay and Ocho Rios. Negril and Port Antonio are also hot spots for college spring-breakers. All of these cities are frequently visited by the many cruise ships that tour the Caribbean. The city of Kingston is Jamaicas cultural center.

The African Caribbean Institute and the Institute of Jamaica are leaders in historical and cultural research. Jamaicas National Library and National Gallery also call Kingston home. The National Dance Theater attracts people in and to Kingston to watch its nightly summer shows. In addition to all of its fine cultural experiences, Jamaica is well known for its many water sports. Tourists and inhabitants alike enjoy water skiing on the Caribbean Sea. Jamaica also hosts the International Marlin Tournament in Port Antonio.

The best fishermen in the world come to compete in this yearly event. Many fine year-round golf course add beauty to Jamaicas many resorts. Cricket is a popular sport in Jamaica as is winter bobsledding. Jamaicas government is classified as a Parliamentary Democracy. The citizens elect a prime minister and a sixty-seat House of Representatives and a 21-seat Senate. The prime minister has the power to elect his own cabinet.

A Head-of-State is selected by the British Crown and represents England during government meeting or processes. The mining of bauxite is Jamaicas principal industry. The worlds third largest producer of bauxite, Jamaica depends on it because it constitutes 46% of their total exports and 33% of their Gross National Product. Along with bauxite mining is alumina mining. Alumina mining accounts for 20% of Jamaicas GNP. Slowly developing are Jamaicas manufacturing and agricultural industries.

Jamaica produces rum, cigarettes, beer and many cash crops. Thanks to a big government sponsored agricultural development plan, farming is once again making a come back as a major industry in Jamaica. Education is free to all Jamaican children. Those wishing to further their education can attend the University of the West Indies or Kingston Technical College. Many students attend schools in the United States and England.

IV. Climate Jamaica is a land with many climatic variances within a small area. Its tropical climate produces an average temperature in Kingston of 79F. Temperatures will get warmer as you move along the coast and closer to the equator. However, as you move inward and into the mountains, the temperature will drop sharply. Precipitation on the island of Jamaica can be scarce as well as abundant.

Problems with both flash floods and droughts are common in some areas. The south and southwestern coasts are hot and dry. Kingston receives about 33 inches of rain a year, as a result of the orographic effect of the Blue Mountains. Some parts of Jamaica can and usually do receive upwards of 100 inches of rain. All of this rain makes Jamaica one of the wettest places on the earth. Many of the beaches in Jamaica experience refreshing sea breezes and winds.

These winds are a welcome in the summer when the humidity can become high. The sea breezes are most commonly found on the beaches near the Blue Mountains. The hot air from the water wants to move inland, while the cooler mountain air wants to move down to the ocean. Jamaica has never had trouble with tornadoes. Unfortunately, the city lays within the major hurricane paths.

Port Royal was frequently struck by hurricanes and in 1951 a major hurricane severely damaged Kingston. Adding to this mess, earthquakes are a frequent occurrence in Jamaica. For all its beauty, Jamaica is always at risk from these extremes. V. Landforms Jamaica has some of the most varied terrain that can be found anywhere. The Caribbean Sea, which encircles the entire island, produces some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. This is where many tourists flock to on vacations and where many Jamaicans make their living. On the southeastern part of the island are the Blue Mountains, with peaks rising up to 7,400 feet.

One such peak, Blue Mountain Peak, is 7,402 feet. The mountains were once covered in a dense forest that provided work for many of Jamaicas first settlers. Located in the central part of Jamaica is an area known as the cockpit country. It is a rugged, limestone terrain, covered in some parts by mangrove swamps or ancient tar pits. Inhabited by only a small group of slave descendents, the area is cut off from most of Jamaican society. Savannas dominate the western coast.

The island of Jamaica has many rivers, but no complex river system. The Black River, Rio Minho, Cobra River and Rio Grande River all have major cities located them, but not much else. Most of the rivers start in the Blue Mountains or Cockpit Country and flow into the Caribbean Sea. Discovery Bay is an important historical landform and popular tourist attraction in the northern part of the island. Towards the southern part of the island many unique bays and peninsulas can be found.

The most noticeable peninsula, The Palisados, was the former location of Port Royal. Today it serves as an international airport and tourist attraction. Near The Palisados, he Portland Bight has many spectacular beaches and is a common cruise ship dock area. In conclusion, Jamaica is a very interesting country. It has a vivid and adventurous history from the Arawaks, to the Spanish and finally to the British. The history is full of conquest and prosperity to reform and richness.

Just as rich as the history of Jamaica is the population that lives within it. For the largest ethnic background lives peacefully with the smallest. Jamaica is not plagued by illiteracy or starvation, but by growth and prosperity. Jamaicans also enjoy a rich culture. Their talents in art and music is undeniable.

They take great pride in their the total Jamaican culture, no matter what ones religion might be. Many sports are popular in Jamaica, from marlin fishing to bobsledding. All of these activities are possible, thanks to Jamaicas varied climate and landforms. Living in Jamaica would be a joy for me. The people are friendly and there are numerous sports to partake in.

I would enjoy experiencing all of the cultural stimulation that is present in Jamaica. Bibliography “ABC NEWS.com Country Profile: Jamaica”. On-line. http://www.abcnews.go.com/reference/countries/JM.h tml. Caribbean Islands Handbook. Chicago: Passport Books, 1995. Fodors 99 – Caribbean.

New York: Random House, 1998. “Jamaica”. Online. http://comptonsv3.web.aol.com. “Jamaica”. The 1994 Information Please Environmental Almanac.

Houghton Mifflin Co. 1993. “Jamaica”. On-line. http://www.jamaica-netlink.com. “Jamaica”. On-line.

http://ww.jis.gov.jm. “Jamaica”. On-line. http://www.nationalgeographic.com. “Kingston (Jamaica)”. Colliers Encyclopedia.

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